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VOCABULARY - Philosophy and Logic

1.APHORISM a brief statement of principle; a tersely phrased statement of a truth or opinion
2.DOGMA [noun] (often disapproving) a belief or set of beliefs held by a group or organization, which others are expected to accept without argument: eg:-political / social / religious / party dogma * He has caused a storm by calling into question one of the central dogmas of the Church.
3.EMPIRICAL guided by practical experience and not theoretical
4.EPISTEMOLOGY the branch of theology that is concerned with the ultimate or last things-such as death, judgment, heaven, and hell.
5.ESCHATOLOGY an idea or opinion founded on mistaken logic or perception. There are several types of logical fallacies: the fallacy of accident, of composition, of decision, of the antecedent, and of the consequences.
6.FALLACY an idea or opinion founded on mistaken logic or perception. There are several types of logical fallacies: the fallacy of accident, of composition, of division, of the antecedent, and of the consequence.
7.HEDONISM [noun] the belief that pleasure is the most important thing in life [adjective] hedonistic : the hedonistic philosophy of "eat, drink and be merry for tomorrow we die!"
8.PRAGMATISM 1.(philosophy) the doctrine that practical consequences are the criteria of knowledge and meaning and value
2.The attribute of accepting the facts of life and favouring practicality and literal truth
9.PREDESTINATION the doctrine that God has foreordained whatever comes to pass, especially the salvation or damnation of individual souls.
10.RATIOCINATION 1.The proposition arrived at by logical reasoning (such as the proposition that must follow from the major and minor premises of a syllogism); Logical and methodical reasoning
11.SYLLOGISM Deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from two premises; synthesis
12.TELEOLOGY the doctrine that final causes exist; design, purpose, or utility as an explanation of any natural phenomenon. In philosophy, teleology looks upon natural processes as determined by the design of a divine Providence rather than as purely mechanical determinism.
13.TENET [noun] (formal) one of the principles or beliefs that a theory or larger set of beliefs is based on: one of the basic / central tenets of Christianity
14.THEOSOPHY a system of philosophy or religion that proposes to establish direct, mystical contact with divine principles through contemplation or revelation. The doctrines of the modern Theosophical Societies incorporate elements of Buddhism and Brahmanism.
15.UTILITARIAN [adjective] 1. (formal) designed to be useful and practical rather than attractive: a utilitarian building
2. (philosophy) based on or supporting the ideas of utilitarianism
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