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VOCABULARY - Beliefs and Religion

1.AGNOSTIC a thinker who disclaims any knowledge of God. The agnostic does not deny God but denies the possibility of knowing him.
2.APOCALYPTIC pertaining to a revelation; foretelling imminent disaster and total destruction. Apocalypse refers to the last books of the New Testament.
3.APOCRYPHAL of questionable authority and authenticity; false or counterfeit. The Apocrypha includes the 14 books of the Septuagint found in the Vulgate but considered uncanonical by the Protestant because they are not part of the Hebrew Scriptures.
4.APOSTATE one who forsakes his faith or principles
5.APOTHEOSIS deification; an exalted or glorified ideal.
6.BENEDICTION a blessing, an invocation of divine blessing, usually at the end of a religious service. A newly married man is called a benedict, suggesting that marriage brings to a bachelor many blessings.
7.BLASPHEMY any irreverent or impious act or utterance
8.DEIST believer in the existence of God as the creator of the universe who after setting it in motion abandoned it, assumed no control over life, exerted no influence on natural phenomenon, and gave no supernatural revelation. Deism is a natural religion based on human reason and morality.
9.INFIDEL a person who does not believe in any religion; among Christians or Muslims, one who does not accept their particular beliefs. This word infidelity denotes unfaithfulness to moral or martial obligations.
10.MANTRA a mystical formula of invocation or incantation in Hinduism and Buddhism. The word comes from mens, the Latin meaning mind and the ancient Sanskrit word for scared counsel or formula
11.ONTOLOGY the branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of being
12.PANTHEISM the doctrine that the universe, conceived of as a whole, is God.
13.SACRILEGIOUS disrespectful or irreverent toward anything regarded as sacred. The term is derived from the Latin sacrilegium, “one who steals sacred things,” which of course is one form of sacrilege.
14.SYNCRETISM the attempt or tendency to combine or reconcile differing beliefs, as in philosophy or religion. It comes from the Greek syn (together) and kret (Cretain) and refers to the uniting of Cretan cities against a common enemy.
15.THEODICY a vindication of divine justice in the face of the existence of evil. Theodicee was the title of a work by Leibnitz in 1710. The word combines the Greek roots for god and judgment
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